Typographer, teacher, author. Born in Zurich. Apprenticeship as a typesetter in Zurich, 1929–33. Year-long study trip to Paris, 1938–39. Attended the Schule für Gestaltung Zürich where he studied type composition, letterpress printing, lettering, and book-design; lecturers included Karl Sternbauer, Willy Riegert, Alfred Willimann, and Walter Käch, 1941–42. Appointed full-time teacher of typography at the Schule für Gestaltung Basel, 1942. Became Head of the Department of Apprentices in Applied Arts there and initiated the specialized class for letterpress printing, 1947. Became a very influential and prominent educator. Head of the Basel group of the SWB (Schweizerischer Werkbund), 1948. Design consultant to the Swiss Post Office, Stamps Department, 1961. Co-founder of the International Center for the Typographic Arts (ICTA) in New York, 1962. Director of the Schule für Gestaltung Basel, 1965. With Armin Hofmann, initiated the international Advanced Program for Graphic Design, 1968. Emil Ruder died on March 13, 1970 in Basel.